Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility : eISSN 2093-0887 / pISSN 2093-0879

Table. 1.

Exclusion Criteria of Subjects

Exclusion criteria

< 18 years old

Measurement of 24-hour impedance-pH monitoring less than 21 hours

Administration of proton pump inhibitor and histamine H2 receptor antagonist within last 2 weeks

History of upper gastrointestinal surgery

Esophageal structure and functional motility disorders (except pathologies related with GERD)

Barrett’s esophagus

Eosinophilic esophagitis

All cancers except nonmelanoma skin cancers

Severe or uncontrolled systemic diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, coronary artery disease, chronic renal and hepatic disorders, diabetes mellitus

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug or acetylsalicylic acid usage within last week

Pregnancy and lactation

No appropriate histological samples

Unsigned informed consent form

GERD, gastroesophageal reflux disease.

J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2023;29:436~445
© J Neurogastroenterol Motil