Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility : eISSN 2093-0887 / pISSN 2093-0879

Table. 1.

Characteristics of Study Cohort

Characteristics Total (N = 8913) FD (n = 168) Non-FD (n = 8745) P-value
Age (yr) 20.1 ± 2.8 19.4 ± 1.7 20.2 ± 2.80 0.001
Sex (men/women) 5474/3439 81/87 5393/3352 0.001
BMI 21.35 ± 3.05 20.44 ± 3.09 21.37 ± 3.04 0.001
Smoking 526 (5.9) 8 (4.8) 518 (5.9) 0.527
Drinking 972 (10.9) 14 (8.3) 958 (11.0) 0.280
Exercise habit 3507 (39.4) 46 (27.4) 3461 (39.6) 0.001
Medical history
Heart murmur 47 (0.5) 3 (1.8) 44 (0.5) 0.023
ECG abnormality 63 (0.7) 2 (1.2) 61 (0.7) 0.450
Anemia 239 (2.7) 10 (6.0) 229 (2.6) 0.008
Traffic accident 115 (1.3) 2 (1.2) 113 (1.3) 0.908
Sport injury 273 (3.1) 2 (1.2) 271 (3.1) 0.155
Eating habits
Eating breakfast 6475 (75.8) 121 (72.0) 6333 (75.9) 0.252
Eating lunch 8745 (98.1) 161 (95.8) 8584 (98.2) 0.028
Eating dinner 8597 (96.5) 158 (94.1) 8439 (98.2) 0.089
Eating extra meals (snacks) 1112 (12.5) 25 (14.9) 1087 (12.4) 0.309
Midnight snack 2757 (30.9) 58 (34.5) 2699 (30.9) 0.341
Frequency of meals (breakfast, lunch, and dinner) 0.058
One per day 217 (2.4) 8 (4.8) 209 (2.4)
Two per day 2209 (24.8) 48 (28.6) 2161 (24.7)
Three per day 6487 (72.8) 112 (66.7) 6375 (72.9)
Functional dyspepsia 168 (1.9)

FD, functional dyspepsia; SD, standard deviation; BMI, body mass index; ECG, electrocardiogram.

Data are presented as mean ± SD, n, or n (%).

J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2022;28:418~423 https://doi.org/10.5056/jnm21146
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