Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility : eISSN 2093-0887 / pISSN 2093-0879

Table. 3.

Outcomes by Study Condition

Outcomes Hypnosis (n =15) Standard care (n = 17) P-value
Child reporta
Pain during procedureb 2 (0.0-6.5) 3 (1.0-5.5) 0.637
Afraid during procedurec 3 (1.0-3.5) 3 (1.5-3.5) 0.892
Nervous during procedurec 1 (0.0-3.0) 3 (2.0-3.5) 0.093
Hypnosis helped relax 13 (92.9) N/A
Parent reportd
Pain during procedureb 2 (1.0-3.0) 2 (0.0-2.5) 0.496
Unpleasant procedurec 2 (0.0-2.5) 3 (1.5-3.0) 0.325
Anxious during procedurec 2 (1.0-3.0) 3 (3.0-4.0) 0.056
Nervous during procedurec 3 (1.0-3.0) 3 (3.0-4.0) 0.116
Hypnosis helped relax 13 (92.9) N/A
Procedural outcomes
Difficulty procedurec 0 (0-1) 1 (0-2) 0.382
Duration (min) 14 (12-21) 17 (14-19) 0.597
Resting pressure (mmHg) 73 (68-87) 78 (67-84) 0.941
Squeeze pressure (mmHg) 231 (140-231) 200 (173-282) 0.455
First sensation (balloon volume [mL])e 20 (10-50) 30 (20-45) 0.525
Urge sensation (balloon volume [mL])e 50 (30-60) 50 (25-105) 0.914
Discomfort sensation (balloon volume [mL])e 80 (60-90) 90 (85-150) 0.142

aOne missing (standard care), one child (hypnosis) did not answer if hypnosis helped.

bPain scores ranged from 0 (no pain at all) to 10 (extreme pain).

cScores ranged from 0 (not at all) to 4 (very much).

dTwo missing (Standard care), 1 parent (hypnosis) did not answer if hypnosis helped.

eNot reported: first sensation (hypnosis [n = 1]), (standard care [n = 1]); urge (hypnosis [n = 2]), (standard care [n = 1]); discomfort (hypnosis [n = 2]), and (standard care [n = 2]).

N/A, not applicable.

Data are presented as median (interquartile range) or n (%).

J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2022;28:312~319 https://doi.org/10.5056/jnm20274
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