Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility : eISSN 2093-0887 / pISSN 2093-0879

Table. 1.

Clinical Characteristics of 8923 Study Participants

Variable Total (N = 8923) Men (n = 5478) Women (n = 3445) P-value
Age (yr) 20.10 ± 2.80 20.20 ± 2.59 20.00 ± 3.10 0.003
BMI (kg/m2) 21.35 ± 3.05 21.68 ± 3.24 20.84 ± 2.63 0.001
BMI < 18.5 1241 (13.9) 656 (12.0) 585 (17.0) 0.001
18.5 ≤ BMI < 25 6778 (76.0) 4131 (75.4) 2647 (76.8)
25 ≤ BMI< 30 747 (8.3) 558 (10.2) 189 (5.5)
30 ≤ BMI 157 (1.8) 133 (2.4) 24 (0.7)
Smoking 527 (5.9) 492 (9.0) 35 (1.0) 0.001
Drinking 973 (10.9) 736 (13.4) 237 (6.9) 0.001
Exercise habit 3408 (39.3) 2415 (44.1) 1093 (31.7) 0.001
Medical history
Irregular pulse 83 (0.9) 52 (1.0) 31 (0.9) 0.810
Heart murmur 47 (0.5) 30 (0.6) 17 (0.5) 0.730
ECG abnormality 63 (0.7) 33 (0.6) 30 (0.9) 0.140
Kidney disease 7 (0.1) 4 (0.1) 3 (0.1) 0.810
Anemia 239 (2.7) 52 (1.0) 187 (5.4) 0.001
Traffic accident 115 (1.3) 75 (1.4) 40 (1.2) 0.390
Sports injury 273 (3.1) 219 (4.0) 54 (1.6) 0.001
Frequency of symptoms
Postprandial fullness 74 (0.8) 39 (0.7) 35 (1.0) 0.120
Early satiation 111 (1.2) 51 (0.9) 60 (1.7) 0.001
Epigastric pain or epigastric burning 36 (0.4) 12 (0.2) 24 (0.7) 0.001
Functional dyspepsia, % 168 (1.9) 81 (1.5) 87 (2.5) 0.001
EPS 33 (0.4) 12 (0.2) 21 (0.6) 0.003
PDS 146 (1.6) 74 (1.4) 72 (2.1) 0.007
Overlap 14 (0.2) 5 (0.1) 9 (0.3) 0.048

BMI, body mass index; ECG, electrocardiogram; EPS, epigastric pain syndrome; PDS, postprandial distress syndrome.

Data are presented as mean ± SD or n (%).

J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2022;28:276~282 https://doi.org/10.5056/jnm21076
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