Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility : eISSN 2093-0887 / pISSN 2093-0879

Table. 1.

Study Participants and Clinical Characteristics

Variables N = 193
Female sex 134 (69.4)
Age (yr) 48.5 ± 13.6 (19-75)
BMI (kg/m2) 23.29 ± 3.59 (16.04-36.85)
Smoking/drinking habits
Current smoker 22 (11.4)
Alcohol usera 32 (16.6)
Coffee userb 19 (9.8)
Comorbidities
Diabetes mellitus 13 (6.7)
Hypertension 26 (13.5)
Chronic lung/heart disease 9 (4.7)
Osteoporosis 12 (6.2)
Other chronic diseasec 17 (8.8)
Symptom onset
< 6 mo 73 (37.8)
7 mo-1 yr 27 (14.0)
1-2 yr 21 (10.9)
2-5 yr 28 (14.5)
> 5 yr 44 (22.8)
Global severity grade
No or mild 57 (29.5)
Moderate 79 (40.9)
Severe or very severe 57 (29.5)

aAlcohol user: intake of ≥ 24 g alcohol at least 2 times per week or more.

bCoffee user: intake of ≥ 3 cups of coffee per day.

cChronic disease: thyroid disease, hepatitis, Behcet’s disease, or hyperlipidemia.

BMI, body mass index.

Data are presented as n (%) or mean ± SD (range).

J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2022;28:111~120 https://doi.org/10.5056/jnm20250
© J Neurogastroenterol Motil