Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility : eISSN 2093-0887 / pISSN 2093-0879

Table. 2.

Sensitivity, Specificity, Positive Predictive Values, and Negative Predictive Values of Symptomatic Variables for Major Esophageal Motility Disorders

Symptomatic variables Sensitivity
(95% CI)
Specificity
(95% CI)
PPV
(95% CI)
NPV
(95% CI)
LR+
(95% CI)
LR–
(95% CI)
Dysphagia 0.70 (0.59, 0.79) 0.67 (0.57, 0.75) 0.63 (0.53, 0.72) 0.73 (0.64, 0.82) 2.10 (1.56, 2.82) 0.45 (0.32, 0.63)
GERD 0.09 (0.04, 0.17) 0.76 (0.67, 0.83) 0.23 (0.10, 0.40) 0.51 (0.43, 0.58) 0.37 (0.17, 0.76) 1.20 (1.06, 1.36)
NCCP 0.11 (0.05, 0.19) 0.86 (0.79, 0.92) 0.40 (0.21, 0.61) 0.55 (0.47, 0.62) 0.82 (0.39, 1.74) 1.03 (0.93, 1.14)
Nausea, vomiting, or belching 0.03 (0.01, 0.09) 0.89 (0.82, 0.94) 0.20 (0.04, 0.48) 0.53 (0.46, 0.61) 0.31 (0.09, 1.06) 1.08 (1.01, 1.17)
Globus 0.07 (0.02, 0.14) 0.82 (0.74, 0.89) 0.23 (0.09, 0.44) 0.52 (0.44, 0.60) 0.37 (0.16, 0.88) 1.14 (1.03, 1.26)

PPV, positive predictive value; NPV, negative predictive value; LR+, positive likelihood ratio; LR−, negative likelihood ratio; GERD, gastroesophageal reflux disease; NCCP, non-cardiac chest pain.

J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2021;27:533~539 https://doi.org/10.5056/jnm20088
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