Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility : eISSN 2093-0887 / pISSN 2093-0879

Table. 1.

Demographics and Clinical Characteristics of Patients and Healthy Controls Included in the Study

Demographics Patients with DM type 1 Healthy controls P-values
Participants (M/F) 11/9 11/9 1.000
Age (yr) 46.5 (12.2) 45.0 (10.6) 0.675
Duration of GI symptoms (mo) 42.0 (30.7)
Duration of diabetes (yr) 27.3 (12.7)
BMI (kg/m2) 23.3 (22.1-26.9) 26.3 (24.2-27.1) 0.083
Glomerular filtration rate (mL/min/1.73 m2) 89.4 (25.6) 97.3 (18.8) 0.304
Urine albumine-creatinine ratio 10.5 (5.0-33.0)
Hemoglobin A1C (%) 8.4 (1.8)
Fast acting insulin (IU/kg per day) 24.3 (8.9)
Slow-acting insulin (IU/kg per day) 25.2 (14.9)
Insulin pump 5 (25%)
Insulin sensor 6 (30%)
Diabetic eye disease 12 (60%)
Heart disease 2 (11%)
Lack of noctunal blood pressure dip 4 (20%)

DM, diabetes mellitus; M, male; F, female; GI, gastrointestinal; BMI, body mass index; IQR, interquartile range.

Data are presented as mean (SD), medians (interquartile range [IQR]), or n (%).

J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2021;27:390~399 https://doi.org/10.5056/jnm19195
© J Neurogastroenterol Motil