Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility : eISSN 2093-0887 / pISSN 2093-0879

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Fig. 4. Sex hormone and brain–gut axis in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). E, estradiol; T, testosterone; P, progesterone; HPA, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal; CRH, corticotropin-releasing hormone; ACTH, adrenocorticotropic hormone; CNS, central nervous system; RhoA, Ras homolog family member A; GTP, guanosine-5’-triphosphate; CCK, cholecystokinin; PGE2, prostaglandin E2; IBS-D, IBS with diarrhea; 5-HT, 5-hydroxytryptamine; ER, estrogen receptor; DRG, dorsal root ganglion; JAM-A, junctional adhesion molecule-A. Adapted from Kim and Kim.84
J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2021;27:314~325
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