Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility : eISSN 2093-0887 / pISSN 2093-0879

Table. 1.

Comparison of Clinical Features According to the Hill Grade Upon Endoscopy

Variable Hill grade 1
(n = 56)
Hill grade 2
(n = 22)
Hill grade 3
(n = 16)
Hill grade 4
(n = 11)
P-valuea
Age (yr) 6.0 (3.8-10.7) 5.5 (2.9-11.9) 6.7 (3.2-13.7) 6.6 (2.9-12.0) 0.947
Male 29 (51.8) 15 (68.2) 5 (31.3) 8 (72.7) 0.739
Severe neurological disease 15 (26.8) 7 (31.8) 11 (68.8) 7 (63.6) 0.002
Endoscopic erosive esophagitisb 3 (5.4) 4 (18.2) 3 (18.8) 6 (54.5) < 0.001
LA grade A 3 4
LA grade B 2 3
LA grade C 1 2
LA grade D 1
Hiatal hernia 1 (1.8) 0 (0.0) 5 (31.3) 11 (100.0) < 0.001

aPerformed using the Kruskal-Wallis or the Linear by linear association, as indicated.

bLos Angeles (LA) classification grade for reflux esophagitis on endoscopy.

Values are presented as median (interquartile range) or n (%).

J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2021;27:191~197 https://doi.org/10.5056/jnm20033
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