Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility : eISSN 2093-0887 / pISSN 2093-0879

Cited by CrossRef (158)

  1. Julio Pérez de la Serna y Bueno, Antonio Ruiz de León San Juan, Concepción Sevilla Mantilla , Constanza Ciriza de los Ríos , Ana Atarain Valles , Marta Aparicio Cabezudo , Laura García Pravia , David Olivares Quintanar , Enrique Rey Díaz-Rubio . Risk of COVID-19 transmission in esophageal, anorectal manometry, and 24-hour impedance-pH monitoring. Rev Esp Enferm Dig 2021
    https://doi.org/10.17235/reed.2021.7767/2020
  2. C. Desprez, V. Bridoux, A.-M. Leroi. Troubles de la motricité anorectale : troubles fonctionnels de la défécation et incontinence fécale. Journal de Chirurgie Viscérale 2022;159:S46
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchirv.2021.12.002
  3. M. Trzpis, J. M. Klaase, R. H. Koop, P. M. A. Broens. Fissurectomy combined with botulinum toxin A: a review of short- and long-term efficacy of this treatment strategy for chronic anal fissure; a consecutive proposal of a treatment algorithm for chronic anal fissure. coloproctology 2020;42:400
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s00053-020-00480-7
  4. Ya Jiang, Yan Wang, Yurong Tang, Lin Lin. Clinical value of positive BET and pelvic floor dyssynergia in Chinese patients with functional defecation disorder. Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 2022;57:775
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00365521.2022.2039282
  5. Jiafei Cheng, Liangda Li, Feng Xu, Yuemei Xu, Lin Lin, Jiande D. Z. Chen. Poststroke Constipation Is Associated With Impaired Rectal Sensation. Am J Gastroenterol 2020;115:105
    https://doi.org/10.14309/ajg.0000000000000479
  6. Tanisa Patcharatrakul, Satish S.C. Rao. Update on the Pathophysiology and Management of Anorectal Disorders. Gut and Liver 2018;12:375
    https://doi.org/10.5009/gnl17172
  7. Lester Gottesman. Internal Rectal Prolapse, Anismus, and Obstructed Defecation Reconsidered. 2019;62:e33
    https://doi.org/10.1097/DCR.0000000000001380
  8. Adam I. Kaplan, Yoav Mazor, Gillian M. Prott, Carol Sequeira, Michael P. Jones, Allison Malcolm. Experiencing multiple concurrent functional gastrointestinal disorders is associated with greater symptom severity and worse quality of life in chronic constipation and defecation disorders. Neurogastroenterology Motil 2023;35
    https://doi.org/10.1111/nmo.14524
  9. Nguyen Ngoc Anh, Le Dinh Tung, Ngo Xuan Khoa, Le Manh Cuong, Nguyen Xuan Hung, Nguyen Thi Thu Hang, Pham Phuc Khanh, Nguyen Van Huy, Vu Duy Kien. Normal Values and Associated Factors in High-resolution Anorectal Manometry in Healthy Vietnamese Adults. Journal of Coloproctology 2021;41:070
    https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0041-1726078
  10. Yoav Mazor, Margaret Schnitzler, Michael Jones, Anastasia Ejova, Allison Malcolm. The patient with obstructed defecatory symptoms: Management differs considerably between physicians and surgeons. Neurogastroenterology Motil 2023;35
    https://doi.org/10.1111/nmo.14592
  11. Wendy Zhou, Thomas A. Zikos, Houssam Halawi, Vipul R. Sheth, Brooke Gurland, Linda A. Nguyen, Leila Neshatian. Anorectal manometry for the diagnosis of pelvic floor disorders in patients with hypermobility spectrum disorders and hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. BMC Gastroenterol 2022;22
    https://doi.org/10.1186/s12876-022-02572-8
  12. Michel Bouchoucha, Marinos Fysekidis, Pierre Rompteaux, Gheorge Airinei, Jean-Marc Sabate, Robert Benamouzig. Influence of Age and Body Mass Index on Total and Segmental Colonic Transit Times in Constipated Subjects. J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2019;25:258
    https://doi.org/10.5056/jnm18167
  13. Fei Li, Meifeng Wang, Syed Hameed Ali Shah, Ya Jiang, Lin Lin, Ting Yu, Yurong Tang. Clinical Characteristics of Adult Functional Constipation Patients with Rectoanal Areflexia and Their Response to Biofeedback Therapy. Diagnostics 2023;13:255
    https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics13020255
  14. Ajay Rane, Sapna Dilgir. Defecatory Dysfunction and the Pelvic Floor. Curr Obstet Gynecol Rep 2017;6:237
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s13669-017-0218-y
  15. Ge Sun, Robbert J. de Haas, Monika Trzpis, Paul M. A. Broens. A possible physiological mechanism of rectocele formation in women. Abdom Radiol 2023;48:1203
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s00261-023-03807-2
  16. W. Sannaa, J. BouSaba, Y. Magnus, P. Vijayvargiya, M. Camilleri. Rectal Evacuation Disorders in Patients Presenting With Chronic Functional Diarrhea. Gastro Hep Advances 2022;1:549
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gastha.2022.03.004
  17. Ching-Yu Chu, Yu-Chi Su, Pei-Chun Hsieh, Yu-Ching Lin. Effectiveness and safety of botulinum neurotoxin for treating dyssynergic defecation: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Toxicon 2023;235:107311
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2023.107311
  18. Yuhang Yuan, Mengyao Xu, Heying Yang, Beibei Sun, Yanan Li, Ning Zhang, Guantao Wang, Fan Su. The Efficacy of Biofeedback Therapy for the Treatment of Fecal Incontinence After Soave Procedure in Children for Hirschsprung's Disease. Front. Pediatr. 2021;9
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fped.2021.638120
  19. Mayank Jain. Occasional constipation—Understanding a common but overlooked problem!. Indian J Gastroenterol 2023;42:738
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s12664-023-01363-7
  20. Emmanuel Kamal Aziz Saba, Mervat Sheta Elsawy. Biofeedback pelvic floor muscle training versus posterior tibial nerve electrostimulation in treatment of functional obstructed defecation: a prospective randomized clinical trial. Egypt Rheumatol Rehabil 2022;49
    https://doi.org/10.1186/s43166-022-00148-8
  21. Ammar Nassri, Kaveh Sharzehi, Ron Schey. Botulinum Toxin Treatment in Surgery, Dentistry, and Veterinary Medicine. 2022.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-50691-9_14
  22. Hans Gregersen. Novel Bionics Assessment of Anorectal Mechanosensory Physiology. Bioengineering 2020;7:146
    https://doi.org/10.3390/bioengineering7040146
  23. Marianela Mego, José Wálter Huaman, Sebastian Videla, Marta Jansana, Karen Tinoco, Esteban Saperas. Effectiveness of a high fiber diet in improving constipation in patients with defecatory dyssynergy under treatment with anorrectal biofeedback. Exploratory, randomized clinical trial. Gastroenterología y Hepatología (English Edition) 2023;46:774
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gastre.2023.01.003
  24. Mayank Jain, Rajiv Baijal. Dyssynergic defecation: Demographics, symptoms, colonoscopic findings in north Indian patients. Indian J Gastroenterol 2017;36:435
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s12664-017-0793-x
  25. I. V. Maev, A. N. Kazyulin, Yu. A. Kucheryavy, S. V. Cheryomushkin, A. Yu. Goncharenko, А. V. Gilyuk. Diagnosis of Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders and Choice of Treatment Regimen in Constipation Patients. Rossijskij žurnal gastroènterologii, gepatologii, koloproktologii 2021;31:7
    https://doi.org/10.22416/1382-4376-2021-31-3-7-16
  26. Pratik Sethiya, Meghraj Ingle, Mayur Gattani, Vikas Pandey, Shamshersingh Chauhan, Sneha Deshpande, Saiprasad Lad, GauravKumar Singh, B Kiran, Swapnil Walke, Megha Meshram, Akash Shukla. Digital rectal examination in defecatory disorders: Is it poor man's anorectal manometry?. Gastroenterol Hepatol Endosc Pract 2022;2:160
    https://doi.org/10.4103/ghep.ghep_21_22
  27. Maja Szymczak, Peng Du, Marcin Runowski, Przemyslaw Woźny, Junpeng Xue, Teng Zheng, Lukasz Marciniak. Highly Sensitive Optical Manometer Based on the Visible Emissions of Ce3+‐Doped La6Sr4(SiO4)6F2 Multisite Phosphors. Advanced Optical Materials 2023
    https://doi.org/10.1002/adom.202302147
  28. Samuel Tanner, Ahson Chaudhry, Navneet Goraya, Rohan Badlani, Asad Jehangir, Dariush Shahsavari, Zubair Malik, Henry P. Parkman. Prevalence and Clinical Characteristics of Dyssynergic Defecation and Slow Transit Constipation in Patients with Chronic Constipation. JCM 2021;10:2027
    https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10092027
  29. Sun Hwan Bae. Dyssynergic Defecation in Chronically Constipated Children in Korea. Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr 2023;26:127
    https://doi.org/10.5223/pghn.2023.26.2.127
  30. Mayank Jain, Rajiv Baijal, Melpakkam Srinivas, Jayanthi Venkataraman. Clinical predictors and gender-wise variations in dyssynergic defecation disorders. Indian J Gastroenterol 2018;37:255
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s12664-018-0856-7
  31. Paola Iovino, Maria Cristina Neri, Antonella Santonicola, Giuseppe Chiarioni. High Resolution and High Definition Anorectal Manometry. 2018.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-32419-3_3
  32. J.R. Infante, A. Baena, A. Martínez, J.I. Rayo, J. Serrano, P. Jiménez, M.C. Lavado. Utility of gastrointestinal transit scintigraphy in the evaluation of chronic constipation. Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular (English Edition) 2022;41:292
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.remnie.2022.07.009
  33. W. Harley Sobin, Patrick Sanvanson. Managing Complex Cases in Gastroenterology. 2022.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-48949-5_53
  34. Michael Camilleri, Justin Brandler. Refractory Constipation. Gastroenterology Clinics of North America 2020;49:623
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gtc.2020.05.002
  35. S.E. Alexander, U. Oelfke, H.A. McNair, A.C. Tree. GI factors, potential to predict prostate motion during radiotherapy; a scoping review. Clinical and Translational Radiation Oncology 2023;40:100604
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctro.2023.100604
  36. Daniëlle A. van Reijn-Baggen, Henk W. Elzevier, Rob C.M. Pelger, Ingrid J.M. Han-Geurts. Pelvic floor physical therapy in the treatment of chronic anal fissure (PAF-study): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications 2021;24:100874
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conctc.2021.100874
  37. Claire L. Jansson-Knodell, Sahil Khanna. The Role of Anchoring in Working Up Diarrhea: A Practical Teaching Case. Gastroenterology 2018;154:498
    https://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2017.10.008
  38. Helena Frawley, Beth Shelly, Melanie Morin, Stéphanie Bernard, Kari Bø, Giuseppe Alessandro Digesu, Tamara Dickinson, Sanchia Goonewardene, Doreen McClurg, Mohammad S. Rahnama'i, Alexis Schizas, Marijke Slieker‐ten Hove, Satoru Takahashi, Jenniffer Voelkl Guevara. An International Continence Society (ICS) report on the terminology for pelvic floor muscle assessment. Neurourology and Urodynamics 2021;40:1217
    https://doi.org/10.1002/nau.24658
  39. Andrew Su, Rita Gandhy, Carrolee Barlow, George Triadafilopoulos. Utility of high-resolution anorectal manometry and wireless motility capsule in the evaluation of patients with Parkinson's disease and chronic constipation. BMJ Open Gastroenterol 2016;3:e000118
    https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgast-2016-000118
  40. Pimpapon Thanaracthanon, Kewalee Sasiwimonphan, Angkana Sunthornram, Mukesh G. Harisinghani, Thitinan Chulroek. Diagnostic performance of dynamic MR defecography in assessment of dyssynergic defecation. Abdom Radiol 2023;48:3458
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s00261-023-04010-z
  41. Irina P. Brazhnikova, Olga M. Konova, Alexandr S. Potapov, Tatiana V. Sviridovа. Non-Drug Methods in the Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: a Review. Bulletin of Rehabilitation Medicine 2023;22:113
    https://doi.org/10.38025/2078-1962-2023-22-3-113-121
  42. Satish S.C. Rao, Eula P. Tetangco. Anorectal Disorders. 2020;54:606
    https://doi.org/10.1097/MCG.0000000000001348
  43. HANANE DELSA, Ilham Serraj, Mohamed Khalis, Nawal Kabbaj. Anorectal Manometry on Children: A Moroccan Series and Literature Review. Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2021;9:337
    https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2021.6058
  44. Silvana Uchôa. Physical therapy in women's health: reeducation in coloproctology. Fisioter. mov. 2022;35
    https://doi.org/10.1590/fm.2022.356e2
  45. Anita Kochikar Pai, Sonia Arora Ballal. Gastrointestinal manifestations of pelvic floor disorders in adolescents: a diagnostic framework for the general practitioner. 2017;29:420
    https://doi.org/10.1097/MOP.0000000000000511
  46. Viet Q Tran, Tania Mahler, Patrick Bontems, Dinh Q Truong, Annie Robert, Philippe Goyens, Henri Steyaert. Interest of Anorectal Manometry During Long-term Follow-up of Patients Operated on for Hirschsprung's Disease. J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2018;24:70
    https://doi.org/10.5056/jnm17019
  47. Margarita Vallès, Sergiu Albu, Hatice Kumru, Fermín Mearin. Botulinum toxin type-A infiltration of the external anal sphincter to treat outlet constipation in motor incomplete spinal cord injury: pilot cohort study. Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 2021;56:777
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00365521.2021.1921255
  48. J. Cheng, F. Xu, L. Ma, H. Zhu, Y. Xu, T. Cao, L. Zhu, J. Chen. A novel wireless, smartphone-based biofeedback training device for functional defecatory disorders: a pilot study. Tech Coloproctol 2022;26:61
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10151-021-02540-6
  49. Dhiraj Agrawal, Megha Meshram, Harish Darak, Abhishek Sadalage, Deepak Gupta, Philip Abraham, Shobna Bhatia, Akash Shukla. Intra- and inter-observer agreement in the classification of dyssynergic defecation on high-resolution anorectal manometry using water-perfusion system. Indian J Gastroenterol 2022;41:336
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s12664-022-01239-2
  50. Jooyoung Lee, Kyoung Sup Hong, Joo Sung Kim, Hyun Chae Jung. Balloon Expulsion Test Does Not Seem to Be Useful for Screening or Exclusion of Dyssynergic Defecation as a Single Test. J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2017;23:446
    https://doi.org/10.5056/jnm16158
  51. Thomas Bjørsum-Meyer, Peter Christensen, Gunnar Baatrup, Marianne Skytte Jakobsen, Jon Asmussen, Niels Qvist. Dyssynergic patterns of defecation in constipated adolescents and young adults with anorectal malformations. Sci Rep 2020;10
    https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-76841-5
  52. Atefeh Talebi, Elaheh Alimadadi, Abolfazl Akbari, Mansour Bahardoust, Mohsen Towliat, Mahdi Eslami, Shahram Agah, Amirhossein Faghihi Kashani. Improvement of Patient Satisfaction and Anorectal Manometry Parameters After Biofeedback Therapy in Patients with Different Types of Dyssynergic Defecation. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 2020;45:267
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10484-020-09476-x
  53. P. Wilhelm, S. Axt, M. Braun, C. Falch, C. Reisenauer, A. Kirschniak. Koloproktologie als wichtiger Baustein eines Beckenbodenzentrums. Gynäkologe 2017;50:195
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s00129-016-4014-y
  54. Jordi Serra, Daniel Pohl, Fernando Azpiroz, Giuseppe Chiarioni, Philippe Ducrotté, Guillaume Gourcerol, A. Pali S. Hungin, Peter Layer, Juan‐Manuel Mendive, Johann Pfeifer, Gerhard Rogler, S. Mark Scott, Magnus Simrén, Peter Whorwell. European society of neurogastroenterology and motility guidelines on functional constipation in adults. Neurogastroenterology Motil 2020;32
    https://doi.org/10.1111/nmo.13762
  55. Yuemei Xu, Xiaoping Li, Feizhen Xia, Feng Xu, Jiande D. Z. Chen. Efficacy of a Modified Training Program of Adaptive Biofeedback Therapy for Dyssynergic Defecation in Patients with Chronic Constipation. Dig Dis Sci 2022;67:1320
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10620-021-07094-z
  56. Jessica A. Fitzpatrick, Sarah L. Melton, Chu Kion Yao, Peter R. Gibson, Emma P. Halmos. Dietary management of adults with IBD — the emerging role of dietary therapy. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 2022;19:652
    https://doi.org/10.1038/s41575-022-00619-5
  57. Rosa L. Coolen, Koen M. Emmer, Panagiota I. Spantidea, Els van Asselt, Jeroen R. Scheepe, Wouter A. Serdijn, Bertil F. M. Blok. Kilohertz alternating current neuromodulation of the pudendal nerves: effects on the anal canal and anal sphincter in rats. J Appl Biomed 2022;20:56
    https://doi.org/10.32725/jab.2022.009
  58. Jonathan W. Revels, Bahar Mansoori, Shaimaa Fadl, Sherry S. Wang, Michael C. Olson, Shamus K. Moran, Martha F. Terrazas, Joel G. Fletcher, William R. G. Perry, Victoria Chernyak, Achille Mileto. MR Defecating Proctography with Emphasis on Posterior Compartment Disorders. RadioGraphics 2023;43
    https://doi.org/10.1148/rg.220119
  59. Zheng-tong Yu, Jun-Min Song, Lei Qiao, Yang Wang, Ying Chen, En-Hui Wang, Shu-Cheng Zhang. A Randomized, Double-Blind, Controlled Trial of Percutaneous Tibial Nerve Stimulation With Pelvic Floor Exercises in the Treatment of Childhood Constipation. Am J Gastroenterol 2023;118:553
    https://doi.org/10.14309/ajg.0000000000002188
  60. Joelene Murdoch‐Ward, Irmina Nahon, Sally De‐Vitry Smith, Eliza Bernardi, Tamara Woods. Assessment of the bearing‐down manoeuvre in pregnancy and detection of paradoxical levator ani muscle contraction using 2D transperineal ultrasound and vaginal palpation: a concurrent validity and inter‐rater reliability study. BJOG 2023
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.17694
  61. Simona Del Forno, Laura Cocchi, Alessandro Arena, Valentina Pellizzone, Jacopo Lenzi, Antonio Raffone, Giulia Borghese, Roberto Paradisi, Aly Youssef, Paolo Casadio, Diego Raimondo, Renato Seracchioli. Effects of Pelvic Floor Muscle Physiotherapy on Urinary, Bowel, and Sexual Functions in Women with Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Medicina 2023;60:67
    https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina60010067
  62. Manas Kumar Behera, Debakanta Mishra, Manoj Kumar Sahu, Ayaskanta Singh, Girish Kumar Pati, Shobhit Agarwal, Jimmy Narayan. Prevalence and Predictors of Functional Evacuation Disorder in Patients with Chronic Constipation. Journal of Coloproctology 2022;42:210
    https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0042-1750761
  63. Justin Y. van Oostendorp, Pieter van Hagen, Grietje J. H. van der Mijnsbrugge, Ingrid J. M. Han-Geurts. Study on 3D High-Resolution Anorectal Manometry Interrater Agreement in the Evaluation of Dyssynergic Defecation Disorders. Diagnostics 2023;13:2657
    https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics13162657
  64. J.R. Infante, A. Baena, A. Martínez, J.I. Rayo, J. Serrano, P. Jiménez, M.C. Lavado. Utilidad de la gammagrafía de tránsito gastrointestinal en la valoración del estreñimiento crónico. Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular 2022;41:284
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.remn.2022.02.004
  65. Imran Aziz, William E Whitehead, Olafur S Palsson, Hans Törnblom, Magnus Simrén. An approach to the diagnosis and management of Rome IV functional disorders of chronic constipation. Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology 2020;14:39
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17474124.2020.1708718
  66. P. Wilhelm, S. Axt, M. Braun, C. Falch, C. Reisenauer, A. Kirschniak. Koloproktologie als wichtiger Baustein eines Beckenbodenzentrums. coloproctology 2017;39:256
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s00053-017-0176-x
  67. Mayank Jain, Vinodini Agrawal. Single-session hospital-based biofeedback therapy in dyssynergic defecation. Indian J Gastroenterol 2023;42:294
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s12664-022-01325-5
  68. Toyia James-Stevenson, Huiping Xu, Michael Heit, Andrea Shin. Age and Dyssynergia Subtypes Associated With Normal Sphincter Pressures in Women With Fecal Incontinence. Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 2018;24:247
    https://doi.org/10.1097/SPV.0000000000000415
  69. Maria Emilia Carvalho e Carvalho, Brooke H. Gurland. Current Common Dilemmas in Colorectal Surgery. 2018.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-70117-2_17
  70. Jerome Melon, Moshe Gillor, Hedwig Neels, Ka Lai Shek, Hans Peter Dietz. Persistent levator co-activation is not associated with symptoms or bother of obstructed defecation. Int Urogynecol J 2020;31:2611
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s00192-020-04389-z
  71. Jennifer S. Beaty, Charles A. Ternent. Clinical Decision Making in Colorectal Surgery. 2020.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-65942-8_32
  72. Tung Huu Trinh, Ngoc Minh Nguyen, Kim Thien Lam, Thach Ngoc Pham, Nhan Truong Vu, Linh Nguyen Uy Truong, Viet Quoc Tran. Anorectal manometry findings in relation with long-term functional outcomes of the patients operated on for Hirschsprung’s disease compared to the reference-based population. Pediatr Surg Int 2023;39
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s00383-023-05402-4
  73. Jason R. Baker, Bryan F. Curtin, Baharak Moshiree, Satish S. C. Rao. Organizing and Developing a GI Motility Lab in Community Practice: Challenges and Rewards. Curr Gastroenterol Rep 2022;24:73
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s11894-022-00838-5
  74. Corlia Brandt. Physiotherapy and pelvic floor health within a contemporary biopsychosocial model of care: From research to education and clinical practice. South African Journal of Physiotherapy 2021;77
    https://doi.org/10.4102/sajp.v77i1.1538
  75. Tatsuya Abe, Masao Kunimoto, Yoshikazu Hachiro, Kei Ohara, Mitsuhiro Inagaki, Masanori Murakami. Rectosigmoid Localization of Radiopaque Markers for Identifying Defecation Disorders in Patients With Chronic Constipation: A Retrospective Cohort Study. J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2021;27:419
    https://doi.org/10.5056/jnm20204
  76. Laura Tiusaba, Shimon E. Jacobs, Elizaveta Bokova, Athanasios Tyraskis, Teresa L. Russell, Tamador Al-Shamaileh, Christina Feng, Erin Teeple, Anil Darbari, Marc A. Levitt, Andrea T. Badillo. Functional constipation refractory to medical management: The anal sphincters are the problem. Journal of Pediatric Surgery Open 2023;2:100028
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yjpso.2023.100028
  77. Sigrid Young, Briton Lee, Scott Smukalla, Jordan Axelrad, Shannon Chang. Anorectal Manometry in Patients With Fecal Incontinence After Ileal Pouch–Anal Anastomosis for Ulcerative Colitis: A Cohort Study. 2023;5
    https://doi.org/10.1093/crocol/otad063
  78. Govind Makharia, Peter R. Gibson, Julio C. Bai, Tarkan Karakan, Yeong Yeh Lee, Lyndal Collins, Jane Muir, Nevin Oruc, Eamonn Quigley, David S. Sanders, Caroline Tuck, Cihan Yurdaydin, Anton Le Mair. World Gastroenterology Organisation Global Guidelines. 2022;56:1
    https://doi.org/10.1097/MCG.0000000000001588
  79. Jonathan Gotfried, Ron Schey. Analysis of Nausea in Clinical Studies of Lubiprostone for the Treatment of Constipation Disorders. Dig Dis Sci 2017;62:3263
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10620-017-4773-x
  80. Satish S.C. Rao, Nitin K. Ahuja, Adil E. Bharucha, Darren M. Brenner, William D. Chey, Jill K. Deutsch, David C. Kunkel, Baharak Moshiree, Leila Neshatian, Robert M. Reveille, Gregory S. Sayuk, Jordan M. Shapiro, Eric D. Shah, Kyle Staller, Steven D. Wexner, Jason R. Baker. Optimizing the Utility of Anorectal Manometry for Diagnosis and Therapy: A Roundtable Review and Recommendations. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology 2023;21:2727
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cgh.2023.05.025
  81. Colleen H Parker, George Tomlinson, Adriano Correia, Louis W C Liu. The Use of Standardized Questions in Identifying Patients with Dyssynergic Defecation. 2018;1:60
    https://doi.org/10.1093/jcag/gwy010
  82. Massarat Zutshi, Lucia Camara Castro Oliveira. The ASCRS Textbook of Colon and Rectal Surgery. 2018.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-66049-9_59
  83. Miguel A. Simón, Ana M. Bueno, Patricia Otero. The Impact of EMG Biofeedback on Evacuation Difficulty Level and Pain Grade During Defecation in Chronically Constipated Elderly Female Patients Due to Dyssynergic Defecation. GastrointestDisord 2019;1:308
    https://doi.org/10.3390/gidisord1030026
  84. G. R. Skardoon, A. J. Khera, A. V. Emmanuel, R. E. Burgell. Review article: dyssynergic defaecation and biofeedback therapy in the pathophysiology and management of functional constipation. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2017;46:410
    https://doi.org/10.1111/apt.14174
  85. Michael Camilleri, Alexander C. Ford, Gary M. Mawe, Phil G. Dinning, Satish S. Rao, William D. Chey, Magnus Simrén, Anthony Lembo, Tonia M. Young-Fadok, Lin Chang. Chronic constipation. Nat Rev Dis Primers 2017;3
    https://doi.org/10.1038/nrdp.2017.95
  86. Hans Gregersen, Ssu-Chi Chen, Wing Wa Leung, Cherry Wong, Tony Mak, Simon Ng, Sun Daming, Kaori Futaba. Characterization of Patients With Obstructed Defecation and Slow Transit Constipation With a Simulated Stool. Clin Transl Gastroenterol 2021;12:e00354
    https://doi.org/10.14309/ctg.0000000000000354
  87. Eden Koo, William D. Chey, Gabrielle Ezell, Jason R. Baker, Moira Armstrong, Borko Nojkov. Can a Defecation Posture Modifying Device Correct an Abnormal Balloon Expulsion Test in Chronically Constipated Patients?. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology 2023;21:847
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cgh.2021.12.048
  88. Dong-jue Wei, Hui-juan Li, Zi-pan Lyu, Ai-ping Lyu, Zhao-xiang Bian, Linda LD Zhong. A clinical pathway for integrative medicine in the treatment of functional constipation in Hong Kong, China. Journal of Integrative Medicine 2023;21:550
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joim.2023.11.002
  89. Tianyu Liu, Suyu He, Qianlong Li, Hanmei Wang. Cap-assisted endoscopic sclerotherapy is effective for rectal mucosal prolapse associated outlet obstructive constipation. Arab Journal of Gastroenterology 2023;24:85
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajg.2022.10.009
  90. Jie Liu, Chaolan Lv, Yizhou Huang, Ying Wang, Dandan Wu, Cong Zhang, Chenyu Sun, Wei Wang, Yue Yu, Geoffrey Williams. Digital Rectal Examination Is a Valuable Bedside Tool for Detecting Dyssynergic Defecation: A Diagnostic Study and a Meta-Analysis. Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 2021;2021:1
    https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/5685610
  91. Miguel A. Simón, Ana M. Bueno, Patricia Otero, Fernando L. Vázquez, Vanessa Blanco. A Randomized Controlled Trial on the Effects of Electromyographic Biofeedback on Quality of Life and Bowel Symptoms in Elderly Women With Dyssynergic Defecation. IJERPH 2019;16:3247
    https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183247
  92. Ge Sun, Monika Trzpis, Haibo Ding, Xianhua Gao, Paul M. A. Broens, Wei Zhang. Co‐occurrence of fecal incontinence with constipation or irritable bowel syndrome indicates the need for personalized treatment. Neurogastroenterology Motil 2023;35
    https://doi.org/10.1111/nmo.14633
  93. Jan D. Huizinga, Lijun Liu, Ashley Barbier, Ji-Hong Chen. Distal Colon Motor Coordination: The Role of the Coloanal Reflex and the Rectoanal Inhibitory Reflex in Sampling, Flatulence, and Defecation. Front. Med. 2021;8
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2021.720558
  94. Katherine A. Evans, Charlene M. Prather. Pathy's Principles and Practice of Geriatric Medicine. 2021.
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119484288.ch20
  95. Yuying Luo, Natalia Schmidt, Marla C Dubinsky, Barry Jaffin, Maia Kayal. Evaluating lleal Pouch Anal Anastomosis Function: Time to Expand Our ARM-amentarium. 2023;29:1819
    https://doi.org/10.1093/ibd/izac234
  96. M. V. Ortega, Y. Kim, K. Hung, K. James, L. Savitt, E. Von Bargen, L. G. Bordeianou, M. M. Weinstein. Women with chronic constipation have more bothersome urogenital symptoms. Tech Coloproctol 2022;26:29
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10151-021-02518-4
  97. A. N. Kazyulin, A. A. Samsonov, Yu. A. Kucheryavyy, S. V. Cheremushkin, A. V. Gilyuk. Diagnostics of functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract in patients with constipation. Medicinskij sovet 2021:210
    https://doi.org/10.21518/2079-701X-2021-12-210-219
  98. Mythili P. Pathipati, Casey J. Silvernale, Kenneth G. Barshop, Jasmine B. Ha, James M. Richter, Kyle D. Staller. Rectal Evacuation Disorders are Associated With Poor Bowel Preparation in Patients With Chronic Constipation. 2022;56:438
    https://doi.org/10.1097/MCG.0000000000001593
  99. Chun Hin Angus Lee, Massarat Zutshi. Female Pelvic Medicine. 2022.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-54839-1_3
  100. Lucia Camara Castro Oliveira, Rebeca Kisel Laska. Anorectal Physiology. 2022.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-43811-1_35
  101. Jennifer A. Kaplan, Vlad V. Simianu. Pelvic Floor Nonrelaxation: Approach to Evaluation and Treatment. Clin Colon Rectal Surg 2021;34:049
    https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1714286
  102. N Pauwels, C Willemse, S Hellemans, N Komen, S Van den Broeck, J Roenen, T Van Aggelpoel, H De Schepper. The role of neuromodulation in chronic functional constipation : a systematic review. AGEB 2021;84:467
    https://doi.org/10.51821/84.3.012
  103. G S Kassab, H Gregersen, D Sun, Z Huang. Novel bionics developments in gastroenterology: fecobionics assessment of lower GI tract function. Physiol. Meas. 2021;42:06TR01
    https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6579/ac023c
  104. H. Gregersen, D. Sun, F. Field, W. Combs, P. Christensen, H. Mousa, F.J. Moawad, S. Eisenstein, G.S. Kassab. Fecobionics in proctology: review and perspectives. Surgery Open Digestive Advance 2023;12:100117
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soda.2023.100117
  105. Amol Sharma, Anam Herekar, Yun Yan, Tennekoon Karunaratne, Satish S.C. Rao. Dyssynergic Defecation and Other Evacuation Disorders. Gastroenterology Clinics of North America 2022;51:55
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gtc.2021.10.004
  106. Rubén Peña-Vélez, Erick Toro-Monjaraz, Sharon Imbett-Yepez, Jaime Alfonso Ramírez Mayans. Prevalence of Dyssynergic Defecation in Children with Constipation Evaluated by High-resolution Anorectal Manometry. Rev Esp Enferm Dig 2024
    https://doi.org/10.17235/reed.2024.10173/2023
  107. Tanisa Patcharatrakul, Jessica Valestin, Amanda Schmeltz, Konrad Schulze, Satish S.C. Rao. Factors Associated With Response to Biofeedback Therapy for Dyssynergic Defecation. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology 2018;16:715
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cgh.2017.10.027
  108. Ivana Slívová, Alžběta Podolová, Dmitrij Klymenko, Peter Ihnát. High resolution manometry in children with constipation - pseudoincontinence versus constipation. Pediatr. pro Praxi 2021;22:326
    https://doi.org/10.36290/ped.2021.068
  109. Myeongsook Seo, Segyeong Joo, Kee Wook Jung, Eun Mi Song, Satish S. C. Rao, Seung-Jae Myung. New Metrics in High-Resolution and High-Definition Anorectal Manometry. Curr Gastroenterol Rep 2018;20
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s11894-018-0662-5
  110. Toya Pratt, Kavita Mishra. Evaluation and management of defecatory dysfunction in women. 2018;30:451
    https://doi.org/10.1097/GCO.0000000000000495
  111. Silvana Uchôa. Fisioterapia na saúde da mulher: reeducação coloproctológica. Fisioter. mov. 2022;35
    https://doi.org/10.1590/fm.2022.356e2.0
  112. Alexandra R. Ortengren, Resham A. Ramkissoon, William D. Chey, Jason R. Baker, Kyle Staller, Johanna Iturrino, Eric D. Shah. Anorectal manometry to diagnose dyssynergic defecation: Systematic review and meta‐analysis of diagnostic test accuracy. Neurogastroenterology Motil 2021;33
    https://doi.org/10.1111/nmo.14137
  113. Constanza Ciriza de los Ríos, Marta Aparicio Cabezudo, Ana Zatarain Vallés, Enrique Rey Díaz-Rubio. Obstructed defecation syndrome: a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Rev Esp Enferm Dig 2020;112
    https://doi.org/10.17235/reed.2020.6921/2020
  114. Yan Zhao, Xiaoyang Ren, Wen Qiao, Lei Dong, Shuixiang He, Yan Yin. High-resolution Anorectal Manometry in the Diagnosis of Functional Defecation Disorder in Patients With Functional Constipation: A Retrospective Cohort Study. J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2019;25:250
    https://doi.org/10.5056/jnm18032
  115. Rebecca E. Burgell, Gillian Skardoon. Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders. 2019.
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315670355-9
  116. A. Lenore Ackerman, Nicholas J. Jackson, Ashley T. Caron, Melissa R. Kaufman, Jonathan C. Routh, Jerry L. Lowder. Myofascial urinary frequency syndrome is a novel syndrome of bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms associated with myofascial pelvic floor dysfunction. Sci Rep 2023;13
    https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-44862-5
  117. Vikram Rangan, Mohammed Zakari, William Hirsch, Sarah Ballou, Prashant Singh, Thomas Sommers, Johanna Iturrino, Judy Nee, Kyle Staller, Anthony Lembo. Clinical and manometric characteristics of women with paradoxical puborectalis syndrome. UEG Journal 2018;6:1578
    https://doi.org/10.1177/2050640618798227
  118. Nicole Kagan, Mahilet Assefa, Ashwin Pimpalwar. Sphincter-Preserving Robotic Excision of a Pararectal Mass. Videoscopy 2021
    https://doi.org/10.1089/vor.2021.0019
  119. Colleen H Parker, Stanley Henry, Louis W C Liu. Efficacy of Biofeedback Therapy in Clinical Practice for the Management of Chronic Constipation and Fecal Incontinence. 2019;2:126
    https://doi.org/10.1093/jcag/gwy036
  120. Paul T. Heitmann, Paul F. Vollebregt, Charles H. Knowles, Peter J. Lunniss, Phil G. Dinning, S. Mark Scott. Understanding the physiology of human defaecation and disorders of continence and evacuation. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021;18:751
    https://doi.org/10.1038/s41575-021-00487-5
  121. Sornsiri Poovongsaroj, Pakkapon Rattanachaisit, Tanisa Patcharatrakul, Sutep Gonlachanvit, Peerapon Vateekul. AI-Assisted Diagnosis of Dyssynergic Defecation Using Deep Learning Approach on Abdominal Radiography and Symptom Questionnaire. 2022 19th International Joint Conference on Computer Science and Software Engineering (JCSSE). 2022:1.
    https://doi.org/10.1109/JCSSE54890.2022.9836301
  122. Charlotte Andrianjafy, Laure Luciano, Camille Bazin, Karine Baumstarck, Michel Bouvier, Véronique Vitton. Three-dimensional high-resolution anorectal manometry in functional anorectal disorders: results from a large observational cohort study. Int J Colorectal Dis 2019;34:719
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s00384-019-03235-z
  123. Janesh Lakhoo, Gaurav Khatri, Rania F. Elsayed, Victoria Chernyak, Jeffrey Olpin, Ari Steiner, Varaha S. Tammisetti, Karthik M. Sundaram, Sandeep S. Arora. MRI of the Male Pelvic Floor. RadioGraphics 2019;39:2003
    https://doi.org/10.1148/rg.2019190064
  124. Rishi Bolia. Pelvic Floor Dysfunction in Children: Are We Overcalling It?. Am J Gastroenterol 2023;118:1900
    https://doi.org/10.14309/ajg.0000000000002346
  125. Mark Radetic, Afrin Kamal, Carol Rouphael, Lei Kou, Ruishen Lyu, Michael Cline. Severe gastroparesis is associated with an increased incidence of slow‐transit constipation as measured by wireless motility capsule. Neurogastroenterology Motil 2021;33
    https://doi.org/10.1111/nmo.14045
  126. Sarah K. Hwang, Stacey A. Bennis, Kelly M. Scott,, Jaclyn Bonder. Braddom's Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2021.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-62539-5.00038-2
  127. Fatemeh Rashidi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand. Pelvic floor disorder and relevant factors in Iranian women of reproductive age: a cross-sectional study. BMC Women's Health 2023;23
    https://doi.org/10.1186/s12905-023-02226-1
  128. Eleni Athanasakos, Stewart Cleeve, Nikhil Thapar, Keith Lindley, Steve Perring, Hannah Cronin, Osvaldo Borrelli, Mohamed Mutalib. Anorectal manometry in children with defecation disorders BSPGHAN Motility Working Group consensus statement. Neurogastroenterology Motil 2020;32
    https://doi.org/10.1111/nmo.13797
  129. Mana H. Vriesman, Ilan J. N. Koppen, Michael Camilleri, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Marc A. Benninga. Management of functional constipation in children and adults. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 2020;17:21
    https://doi.org/10.1038/s41575-019-0222-y
  130. Gifty Kwakye, Lillias Holmes Maguire. Anorectal Physiology Testing for Prolapse—What Tests are Necessary?. Clin Colon Rectal Surg 2021;34:015
    https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1714246
  131. Prashant Singh, Yoonjin Seo, Sarah Ballou, Andrew Ludwig, William Hirsch, Vikram Rangan, Johanna Iturrino, Anthony Lembo, Judy W Nee. Pelvic Floor Symptom Related Distress in Chronic Constipation Correlates With a Diagnosis of Irritable Bowel Syndrome With Constipation and Constipation Severity but Not Pelvic Floor Dyssynergia. J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2019;25:129
    https://doi.org/10.5056/jnm17139
  132. Mercedes Amieva-Balmori, José María Remes-Troche. Clinical and Basic Neurogastroenterology and Motility. 2019.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-813037-7.00032-7
  133. Supuni C. Kapurubandara, Basia Lowes, Ursula M. Sansom-Daly, Rebecca Deans, Jason A. Abbott. A systematic review of diagnostic tests to detect pelvic floor myofascial pain. Int Urogynecol J 2022;33:2379
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s00192-022-05258-7
  134. Michael D. Levin. Letter to the Editor. Journal of Pediatric Surgery 2018;53:1634
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.03.007
  135. Denise Hibbert. Clinical Nurse Specialist Role and Practice. 2018.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-97103-2_16
  136. Amy J. Thorsen. Management of Rectocele with and without Obstructed Defecation. Seminars in Colon and Rectal Surgery 2023;34:100937
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scrs.2022.100937
  137. Ali Rezaie, Phillip Gu, Gilaad G Kaplan, Mark Pimentel, Ahmed K Al-Darmaki. Dyssynergic Defecation in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. 2018;24:1065
    https://doi.org/10.1093/ibd/izx095
  138. Derya Arı, Ömer Öztürk, Yasemin Özin, İlyas Tenlik, Ferhat Bacaksız, Volkan Gökbulut, Mustafa Kaplan, İsmail Hakkı Kalkan, Meral Akdoğan. The Efficacy of Biofeedback Therapy in Patients with Solitary Rectal Ulcer and Dyssynergic Defecation. Dig Dis 2022;40:728
    https://doi.org/10.1159/000522180
  139. Marianela Mego, José Wálter Huaman, Sebastian Videla, Marta Jansana, Karen Tinoco, Esteban Saperas. Eficacia de la dieta alta en fibra en la mejora del estreñimiento en pacientes con disinergia defecatoria en tratamiento con biofeedback anorrectal. Ensayo clínico exploratorio, aleatorizado. Gastroenterología y Hepatología 2023;46:774
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gastrohep.2023.01.012
  140. Foroogh Alborzi Avanaki, Sara Rafiee, Hesam Aldin Varpaei, Mohammad Taher, Najmeh Aletaha, Farshad Allameh. Biofeedback Treatment Can Improve Clinical Condition and Quality of Life in Patients with Pelvic Floor Dyssynergy with Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Prospective Cohort Study. Middle East J Dig Dis 2023;15:45
    https://doi.org/10.34172/mejdd.2023.319
  141. Omesh Goyal, Monika Bansal, Ajit Sood. Clinical and anorectal manometry profile of patients with functional constipation and constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome. Indian J Gastroenterol 2019;38:211
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s12664-019-00953-8
  142. Carrie A. M. Wegh, Marc A. Benninga. Pediatric Neurogastroenterology. 2019.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-15229-0_41
  143. Tatsuya Abe, Masao Kunimoto, Yoshikazu Hachiro, Shigenori Ota, Kei Ohara, Mitsuhiro Inagaki, Masanori Murakami. Are There Sex Differences in Defecation Patterns in Patients with Defecation Disorders? - A Single-center Observational Study. J Anus Rectum Colon 2023;7:150
    https://doi.org/10.23922/jarc.2022-078
  144. Diego Raimondo, Laura Cocchi, Antonio Raffone, Simona Del Forno, Raffaella Iodice, Manuela Maletta, Anna Chiara Aru, Paolo Salucci, Marco Ambrosio, Antonio Mollo, Aly Youssef, Paolo Casadio, Renato Seracchioli. Pelvic floor dysfunction at transperineal ultrasound and chronic constipation in women with endometriosis. Intl J Gynecology & Obste 2022;159:505
    https://doi.org/10.1002/ijgo.14088
  145. Ryszard Makosiej, Aleksandra Makosiej, Artur Bossowski, Michał Kolejwa, Natalia Wawrusiewicz‐Kurylonek, Anna Łęgowik, Joanna Gościk, Anna Piaseczna‐Piotrowska, Elżbieta Czkwianianc. Dyssynergic Defecation and Anal Sphincter Disorders in Children in High‐Resolution Anorectal Manometry Investigation. J. pediatr. gastroenterol. nutr. 2020;71:484
    https://doi.org/10.1097/MPG.0000000000002819
  146. Kewin Tien Ho Siah. Dyssynergic defecation: The not so hidden partner in constipation. Indian J Gastroenterol 2018;37:186
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s12664-018-0866-5
  147. Constanza Ciriza de los Ríos, Miguel Mínguez , Jose Mariaí Remes-Troche, Gl�ria Lacima. High-resolution and high-definition anorectal manometry: rediscovering anorectal function . Rev Esp Enferm Dig 2018;110
    https://doi.org/10.17235/reed.2018.5705/2018
  148. Gaurav B. Nigam, Jimmy K. Limdi, Dipesh H. Vasant. Current perspectives on the diagnosis and management of functional anorectal disorders in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Therap Adv Gastroenterol 2018;11:175628481881695
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1756284818816956
  149. Kyle Staller. Refractory Constipation. 2018;52:490
    https://doi.org/10.1097/MCG.0000000000001049
  150. Maria E. Knaus, Peter L. Lu, Anan Lu, Elias R. Maloof, Jianing Ma, Jason Benedict, Richard J. Wood, Ihab Halaweish. Antegrade continence enemas in children with functional constipation and dyssynergic defecation: Go or no go?. Journal of Pediatric Surgery 2022;57:1672
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2022.04.007
  151. Sarah Quinton, Bethany Doerfler. Psychological and Nutritional Factors in Pelvic Floor Disorders. Gastroenterology Clinics of North America 2022;51:145
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gtc.2021.10.009
  152. Zhongshao Kuang, Shuangyuan Dai, Yinjuan Xiao, Weio Luo, Jing Tian, Ashutosh Sharma, Shailendra Tiwari, Manish Gupta, Manjit Kaur, Mohd Asif Shah, Jiawen Kang. The Effect of Biofeedback Therapy Combined with Comprehensive Nursing Intervention on the Quality of Life of Patients with Functional Constipation Based on Dynamic Magnetic Resonance Defecation. Journal of Healthcare Engineering 2021;2021:1
    https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/9947373
  153. C. Desprez, V. Bridoux, A.-M. Leroi. Disorders of anorectal motility: Functional defecation disorders and fecal incontinence. Journal of Visceral Surgery 2022;159:S40
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jviscsurg.2021.12.004
  154. Noemi Baffy, Amy E. Foxx-Orenstein, Lucinda A. Harris, Susan Sterler. Intractable Constipation in the Elderly. Curr Treat Options Gastro 2017;15:363
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s11938-017-0142-2
  155. H. Gregersen, D. Sun, S.C. Chen, W.W. Leung, C. Wong, T. Mak, S. Ng, K. Futaba, Kar Man Lo, G.S. Kassab. New developments in defecatory studies based on biomechatronics. Journal of Advanced Research 2022;35:1
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jare.2021.05.005
  156. Yoo Jin Lee. Is There a Role for Radiopaque Markers in Identifying Defecation Disorders?. J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2021;27:312
    https://doi.org/10.5056/jnm21115
  157. Angela J Khera, Janet W Chase, Michael Salzberg, Alexander J V Thompson, Michael A Kamm. Systematic review: Pelvic floor muscle training for functional bowel symptoms in inflammatory bowel disease. JGH Open 2019;3:494
    https://doi.org/10.1002/jgh3.12207
  158. Mahmoud Abdelnaby, Mohammad Fathy, Hany Maurice Mikhail, Karim Kamal Maurice, Mohamed Arnous, Sameh Hany Emile. Partial Division of Puborectalis Muscle with Lateral Internal Sphincterotomy: A Novel Surgical Technique for Management of Anal Hypertonia‐Associated Anismus. World j. surg. 2021;45:1210
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s00268-020-05919-y