Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility : eISSN 2093-0887 / pISSN 2093-0879

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Fig. 7. Effects of surgery, intestinal manipulation (IM), and electroacupuncture (EA) on postoperative pain. (A) The Rat Grimace Scale (RGS) pain score in the 3 groups of rats during different postoperative hours. No difference was noted among the groups. (B) The RGS pain score during different postoperative hours in each group of rats. A significant reduction in the pain score was noted during the second and third postoperative hours in the control and EA rats; this reduction was noted only during the third hour in the sham-EA group, suggesting an IM-induced delay in the recovery of pain. *P < 0.05 (Tukey–Kramer test).
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility 2019;25:286~299
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